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CBD as you already know, means cannabidiol. It is a naturally produced substance from the cannabis plant. Although the plant has some compounds which may
The CBD industry has experienced an unprecedented boom lately, and according to conservative estimates in the United States, it is expected to reach around $16 billion by 2025. The plant extract has currently been added to breathe sprays, cheeseburgers, toothpicks and many other everyday products. According to a survey of over 5,000 people by a cannabis market research company – the Brightfield Group, over 60% of CBD users take it to help their anxiety.
There is no doubt that CBD is the go-to wellness product at the moment. If you live in a country or region like the UK where CBD is legal, you may not quite understand the sudden rise in this acceptance of the product.
CBD is now featuring in many wellness products, including facials and beauty products formulated with hemp. It is also possible to find CBD infused coffee. Everyone you know from your anxious colleague to your arthritis suffering friend now wants to have CBD gummies in their hands.
Even as this is infiltrating almost every corner of the wellness world, some people still find this whole CBD idea confusing, especially when it comes to finding out what it really is and how it works, and if it is legal, given the general public opinion of cannabis.
So, in the light of this wide acceptance, you ask the questions; what is CBD and what is it used for? Does CBD make you high? What are the real benefits? In this article, you will find all you need to know about CBD – the product making so many waves.
Cannabidiol (which is commonly referred to as CBD) is a phytocannabinoid and was discovered in 1940. There are 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis plants and CBD is one of them, and represents up to 40% of the plant extract. Despite the illegal status of cannabis for a long time, the research didn’t stop and as of 2019, there have been lots of clinical researches done on cannabidiol which includes studies on anxiety, movement disorders, cognition, and pain.
Cannabidiol (CBD) can be absorbed into the body in a variety of ways, one of which includes the inhaling of vapour or cannabis smoke. It can also be absorbed through spraying on the cheek and various ways through the mouth.
It can be supplied through the following ways:
It is pertinent to note that CBD does not have the same psychoactivity as THC. Where both are present, CBD may modify the effects of THC on your body.
Therefore, CBD is a natural substance that is used in products such as Edibles or oils to impart a feeling of calm and relaxation. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is the main active ingredient in marijuana, CBD will not produce a psychoactive effect.
THC and CBD are cannabinoids and as you know, they are both derived from the cannabis plant. However, they differ in many ways, and these differences may affect your next pharmacy purchase.
An easy way to understand it is that THC is defined by how you feel after consuming it (like, how you get high after taking cannabis) while the effects of CBD are not obviously felt. The important difference is that, unlike THC, CBD doesn’t make you feel high and there may not be an overdose use of it. This is to some extent, why one of the most common reasons people choose to use CBD is for pain management.
There are some intoxicating effects of THC that can also be blocked by CBD. The Binding of CBD to cannabinoid receptors prevents THC from activating these receptors. This leads THC to have a less intense psychoactive effect on users. This is the reason why products with a mixture of CBD and THC are ideal for first-time consumers of a THC substance.
This, however, doesn’t mean CBD itself cannot have any effect. Consumption of a high dose of CBD often leads to a deeply relaxing experience. You may have that “leaving the hot bath tub” feeling. There’s this tingling and relaxing feeling in your body, and your brain may feel clearer.
According to WebMD. cannabidiol has an effect on the body by interacting with the endocannabinoid system. The main cause of these effects is unclear. However, cannabidiol is known to prevent the breaking down of a chemical affecting pain, mood and mental function in the brain. The psychotic symptoms associated with conditions like schizophrenia is reduced by the prevention of the breakdown of this chemical. But not only is the breakdown of this chemical prevented, but there is also an increase in its blood level as well.
Whichever way CBD is consumed, it directly influences the endocannabinoid system with a number of effects which are what triggers the benefits CBD is known for.
The endocannabinoid system is quite a complex biological system in the body. Although discovered in the 1990’s, its interactions with the human body is still not fully understood. However, as at today, experts understand that the endocannabinoid system affects several important processes in the body, and these include appetite, sleep, memory and mood. But that’s not all, as there is still a lot to discover.
This endocannabinoid system consists of three components, namely; the receptors, enzymes, and the endocannabinoids. These parts work whether or not someone is using CBD.
Here is a brief explanation of each component:
In order to understand the full effects of CBD, it is necessary to examine the relationship between the endocannabinoids and the receptors.
There are two types of receptors: CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptors are mainly located in the central nervous system. They are responsible for coordination, pain, movement, appetite, mood, memory, and some other functions. The CB2 receptors affect pain and inflammation, and are located in the peripheral nervous system.
After the cannabinoids are broken down by enzymes, the endocannabinoids then look for receptors to bind to. According to researchers, CBD may not directly bind to the receptor, but these receptors are influenced in some way. It is the activation of these receptors that provides the many health benefits that the compound is known for.
CBD may also affect other receptors too. Teaera Roland of Lotus Health reported that CBD modulates what is known as the 5th serotonin receptor. It is the modulation of this receptor that treats psychotic disorders. CBD may also affect TRPV1 receptors, and this is responsible for inflammation and pain.
CBD does not directly interact with the cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). Instead, it stimulates the endocannabinoid system, thereby enabling it to produce its own cannabinoids. It also slows down the breakdown. This is done through the inhibition of the FAAH enzyme so that endocannabinoids can stay in the body for a longer period.
In addition, CBD works on approximately 60 different molecular pathways that affect serotonin receptors, vanilloid receptors, the immune system, and more. CBD is a versatile compound, with lots of benefits and uses. The number of health-conscious consumers using it regularly is living proof.
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